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Dassault

Rafale

MULTIROLE FIGHTER


Type:

Origin:
Country FlagFrance
Manufacturer:
1986–present

Updated February 7, 2024
Aircraft picture
Rafale - Clemens Vasters, CC BY 2.0

General characteristics (8)

  • Role
    Multirole fighter
  • Crew
    1-2
  • Wing
    Fixed wing
  • Body
    Narrow
  • WTC
    M
  • Type code
    L2J
  • Engine count
    2
  • ICAO type designator
    RFAL

Variants (15)

Structural data (6)
Rafale C/B/M

  • Length
    15.27 m (50 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan
    10.90 m (35 ft 9 in)
  • Height
    5.34 m (17 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area
    45.7 m2 (492 ft2)
  • Wing loading
    328 kg/m2 (67 lb/sq2)
  • Hardpoints
    Rafale B/C: 14 external
    Rafale M: 13 external
    9,500 kg (20,900 lb) capacity

Performance (8)
Rafale C/B/M

  • Combat range
    1,850 km (1,150 mi, 1,000 nmi) on penetration mission (3x tank - 5,700 L combined)
  • Ferry range
    3,700 km (2,300 mi, 2,000 nmi) (3x tank - 5,700 L combined)
  • Fuel capacity
    C: 4,700 kg (10,362 lb) internal
    B: 4,400 kg (9,700 lb) internal
  • Maximum fuel
    Internal 5,750 L (1,520 US gal; 1,260 imp gal)
    Total 16,550 L (4,370 US gal; 3,640 imp gal)
  • Service ceiling
    15,835 m (51,952 ft)
  • Design load factor
    +9.0g / -3.6g
  • Rate of climb
    304.8 m/s (60,000 ft/min)
  • Thrust/weight ratio
    0.988 (100% fuel, 2 EM A2A missile, 2 IR A2A missile)

Speeds (5)
Rafale C/B/M

  • Maximum (high alt.)
    1,912 km/h (1,188 mph, 1,032 kn)
  • Maximum Mach (high alt.)
    1.8
  • Maximum (low alt.)
    1,390 km/h (860 mph, 750 kn)
  • Maximum Mach (low alt.)
    1.1
  • Supercruise
    Rafale M: Mach 1.4

Indicative Flight Profile data (23)
Source:SKYbrary logoSKYbrary [1]

  • Takeoff
    V2: -
    Distance: 600 m
    Weight: 24500 kg
  • Initial climb (to 5000 ft)
    IAS: -
    ROC: 60000 ft/min
  • Initial climb (to 15,000 ft)
    IAS: -
    ROC: -
  • Initial climb (to 24,000 ft)
    IAS: -
    ROC: -
  • Mach climb
    Mach: -
    ROC: -
  • Cruise
    TAS: 750 kts
    Mach: 1,8
    Ceiling: FL550
    Range: 950 NM
  • Initial descent (to 24,000 ft)
    IAS: -
    ROD: -
  • Descent (to 10,000 ft)
    IAS: -
    ROD: -
  • Descent (below 10,000 ft)
    IAS: 120 kts
    MCS: -
    ROD: -
  • Approach
    VAPP (IAS): 120 kts
    Distance: 450 m

Weights (3)
Rafale C/B/M

  • Empty
    B: 10,300 kg (22,708 lb)
    C: 9,850 kg (21,720 lb)
    M: 10,600 kg (23,400 lb)
  • Gross
    15,000 kg (33,069 lb)
  • MTOW
    24,500 kg (54,013 lb)

Armament (20)
Rafale C/B/M

  • Gun
    1 x GIAT 30/M791 30 mm (125 rounds)
  • Air-to-Air missiles
    Armament iconMBDA MICA EM and IR
    Armament iconMBDA Meteor
    Armament iconMagic II
  • Air-to-Ground missiles
    Armament iconMBDA Apache
    Armament iconMBDA Storm Shadow/SCALP-EG
    Armament iconMBDA AM 39-Exocet
    Armament iconAS-30L
    Armament iconASMP-A nuclear missile
  • Bombs
    Armament iconAASM Hammer
    Armament iconMark 82 general-purpose bomb
    Armament iconGBU-12 Paveway II
    Armament iconGBU-22 Paveway III
    Armament iconGBU-24 Paveway III
    Armament iconGBU-49 Enhanced Paveway
  • Other
    Thales Damocles targeting pod
    Thales AREOS (Airborne Recce Observation System) reconnaissance pod
    Thales TALIOS multi-function targeting pod
    Up to 5 drop tanks
    Buddy–buddy refueling pod

Engine data (20)
Rafale C/B/M

  • Model
    M88-4e
  • Manufacturer
    Snecma
  • National origin
    Country FlagFrance
  • Engine count
    2
  • Type
    Afterburning turbofan
  • Afterburner
    Yes
  • Length
    353.8 cm (139.3 in)
  • Diameter
    69.6 cm (27.4 in)
  • Thrust-to-weight ratio
    5.68:1 (dry) and 8.52:1 (with afterburner)
  • Compressor
    Axial, 3-stage LP, 6-stage HP
  • Combustors
    Annular
  • Turbine
    1-stage LP, 1-stage HP
  • Maximum thrust
    50 kN (11,200 lbf) military thrust
    75 kN (16,900 lbf) with afterburner
  • Pressure ratio
    24.5:1
  • Air mass flow
    65 kg/s (143 lb/s)
  • Fuel consumption
    3,977 kg/h (8,770 lb/h) military
    12,695 kg/h (27,990 lb/h) afterburner
  • Specific fuel consumption
    22.14 g/kNs (0.782 lb/lbfh) military
    47.11 g/kNs (1.663 lb/lbfh) afterburner
  • Bypass ratio
    0.3:1
  • Turbine inlet temperature
    1,850 K (1,577 °C; 2,870 °F)
  • Dry weight
    897 kg (1,978 lb)

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