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McDonnell Douglas

F/A-18A/B/C/D Hornet

MULTIROLE FIGHTER


Type:

Origin:
Country FlagUnited States
Manufacturer:
1974–2000

Related:

Updated February 24, 2024
Aircraft picture
F/A-18A/B/C/D Hornet - Airwolfhound. CC-BY-SA-2.0

Variants (8)

  • F/A-18A
    Original 1-seater
  • F/A-18B
    2-seater with 6% reduction in internal fuel, primarily for training
  • F/A-18C
    Block upgrade model, 1987, 1-seater
      + AIM-120
      + AGM-84E
      + AGM-65F
      + NACES ejection seat
      + AN/AAR-50 thermal navigation pod
      + AN/AAS-38A NITE Hawk FLIR
      + Full-color MFDs
  • F/A-18D
    Block upgrade model, 1987, 2-seater
      + AIM-120
      + AGM-84E
      + AGM-65F
      + NACES ejection seat
      + AN/AAR-50 thermal navigation pod
      + AN/AAS-38A NITE Hawk FLIR
      + Full-color MFDs
  • F/A-18E/F
  • EA-18G
  • X-53 AAWRESEARCH
    A NASA F/A-18, modified to demonstrate the Active Aeroelastic Wing technology
  • F-18 HARVRESEARCH
    A NASA single-seat High Alpha Research Vehicle, using thrust vectoring

General characteristics (18)

  • Role
    Multirole fighter
  • Crew
    1 (A,C) and 2 (B,D)
  • Body
    Narrow
  • Wing
    Fixed wing
  • Wing position
    High
  • Gear type
    Tricycle retractable
  • Tail
    Double fin, low set
  • Type code
    L2J
  • WTC
    M
  • APC
    C
  • Landing gear
    Tricycle retractable
  • Engine position
    In fuselage
  • Engine count
    Multi
  • ICAO type designator
    F18H
  • ADG
    I
  • TDG
    1B
  • SRS
    III
  • LAHSO
    N/A

Indicative Flight Profile data (23)
Source:SKYbrary logoSKYbrary [1]

  • Takeoff
    V2: 145 kts
    Distance: 450 m
    Weight: 25400 kg
  • Initial climb (to 5000 ft)
    IAS: 175 kts
    ROC: 30000 ft/min
  • Initial climb (to 15,000 ft)
    IAS: 300 kts
    ROC: 30000
  • Initial climb (to 24,000 ft)
    IAS: 300 kts
    ROC: 30000 ft/min
  • Mach climb
    Mach: 0,8
    ROC: 30000 ft/min
  • Cruise
    TAS: 495 kts
    Mach: 0,86
    Ceiling: FL500
    Range: 1700 NM
  • Initial descent (to 24,000 ft)
    IAS: -
    ROD: 10000 ft/min
  • Descent (to 10,000 ft)
    IAS: 350 kts
    ROD: 10000 ft/min
  • Descent (below 10,000 ft)
    IAS: -
    MCS: -
    ROD: -
  • Approach
    VAPP (IAS): 125 kts
    Distance: 400 m

Structural data (21)

  • Length
    56 ft 1 in (17.1 m)
  • Width
    27 ft 7 in (8.4 m) wing folded
  • Wingspan
    40 ft 4 in (12.3 m) with AIM-9s on wingtip LAU-7 launchers
  • Aspect ratio
    4
  • Airfoil
    Root: NACA 65A005 mod.; Tip: NACA 65A003.5 mod.
  • Wing area
    410 ft2 (38 m2)
  • Wing loading
    93lb/ft2 (450 kg/m2)
  • Root chord
    13 ft 3 in (4.04 m)
  • Tip chord
    5 ft 6 in (1.68 m)
  • Ailerons, area (total)
    24.4 sq ft (2.27 m2)
  • Leading-edge flaps, area (total)
    48.4 sq ft (4.50 m2)
  • Trailing-edge flaps, area (total)
    61.9 sq ft (5.75 m2)
  • Fins, area (total)
    104.2 sq ft (9.68 m2)
  • Rudders, area (total)
    15.6 sq ft (1.45 m2)
  • Tailerons, area (total)
    88.0 sq ft (8.18 m2)
  • Parking area
    285.6 m2 (3,074.4 ft2)
  • OEW tail height
    4.7 m (15.4 ft)
  • Main gear config
    S
  • Cockpit to main gear
    6.3 m (20.7 ft)
  • Main gear width
    3.6 m (11.7 ft)
  • Wheelbase
    5.4 m (17.6 ft)

Performance (16)

  • Maximum speed
    1,034 kn (1,190 mph, 1,915 km/h) at 40,000 ft (12,000 m)
  • Max Mach number
    1.8
  • Cruise
    Approx. TAS 495 kts, Mach 0.86
  • V2 Approx.
    145 kts
  • Service ceiling
    50,000 ft (15,000 m)
  • Combat ceiling
    approx. 15 240 m
  • Rate of climb
    50,000 ft/min (250 m/s)
  • Primary fuel
    JP-5
  • Combat endurance
    1 h 45 min (CAP 150 nmi from aircraft carrier)
  • Range
    1,089 nmi (1,253 mi, 2,017 km)
  • Combat range
    400 nmi (460 mi, 740 km) air-air mission
  • Ferry range
    1,800 nmi (2,100 mi, 3,300 km)
  • Thrust-to-weight ratio
    0.96 (1.13 with loaded weight at 50% internal fuel)
  • Design load factor
    7.5 g (USN)
  • Takeoff run
    Less than 427 m
  • Approach speed
    134 kts

Armament (39)

  • Hardpoints
    2 x wingtip
    4 x under-wing
    3 x under-fuselage
    13,700 lb (6,200 kg) total capacity
  • Gun
    1 x M61A1 Vulcan 20 mm (578 rounds)
  • Rockets
    Country FlagLAU-61/LAU-68 pod (7 or 19 x Hydra 70 mm)
    Country FlagLAU-10 pod (4 x Zuni 127 mm)
  • Air-to-Air missiles
    Country FlagAIM-7 Sparrow
    Country FlagAIM-9 Sidewinder
    Country FlagAIM-120 AMRAAM
    Country FlagAIM-132 ASRAAM
    Country FlagIRIS-T
  • Air-to-Ground missiles
    Country FlagAGM-65 Maverick
    Country FlagAGM-84H/K SLAM-ER
    Country FlagAGM-88 HARM
    Country FlagAGM-158 JASSM
    Country FlagAGM-154 JSOW
    Country FlagTaurus KEPD
  • Anti-ship missiles
    Country FlagAGM-84 Harpoon
  • Bombs
    Country FlagCBU-87 Combined Effects Munition
    Country FlagCBU-78 Gator mine
    Country FlagCBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon
    Country FlagMark 82 general-purpose bomb
    Country FlagMark 83 general-purpose bomb
    Country FlagMark 84 general-purpose bomb
    Country FlagGBU-10 Paveway II
    Country FlagGBU-12 Paveway II
    Country FlagGBU-24 Paveway III
    Country FlagGBU-27 Paveway III
    Country FlagGBU-49 Enhanced Paveway II
    Country FlagJDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition)
    Country FlagMark 20 Rockeye II
    Country FlagB61 nuclear bomb
    Country FlagB83 nuclear bomb
  • Other
    ADM-141 TALD
    SUU-42A/A Flares/Infrared decoys dispenser pod
    AN/ALQ-131 ECM pod
    AN/ALQ-184 ECM pod
    AN/AAS-38 Nite Hawk targeting pod
    AN/ASQ-228 ATFLIR
    AN/AAQ-28(V) Litening targeting pod
    FPU-8/A drop tanks

Engine data (18)

  • Picture: GE Aerospace
  • Model
    F404-GE-402
  • Manufacturer
    General Electric
  • National origin
    Country FlagUnited States
  • Engine count
    2
  • Type
    Turbofan
  • First run
    1978
  • Specific Fuel Consumption
    Military thrust: 0.81 lb/(lbf-h) (23 g/(kN-s))
    Full afterburner: 1.74 lb/(lbf-h) (49 g/(kN-s))
  • Afterburner
    Yes
  • Length
    154 in (391 cm)
  • Diameter
    35 in (89 cm)
  • Thrust-to-weight ratio
    4.8 (dry), 7.8 (afterburning)
  • Compressor
    Axial, with 3 fan and 7 HP stages
  • Combustors
    Annular
  • Turbine
    1 LP and 1 HP stage
  • Maximum thrust
    11,000 lbf (48.9 kN) military thrust
    17,700 lbf (78.7 kN) with afterburner
  • Pressure ratio
    26:1
  • Bypass ratio
    0.34:1
  • Air mass flow
    146 lb/s (66 kg/s)

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